Hungary became a separate independent state in 1918 after the end of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
The post-war communist regime came to a peaceful end in 1989, and in 2004 the country joined the EU.
It has a population of 9.9 million.
Hungary is split by, not just the Danube, but also the Tisza River, and is home to Central Europe’s largest lake, Lake Balaton.
It is renowned for the high quality of its mathematics education, and has the largest electronics manufacturing sector in Central and Eastern Europe.
Hungary is famed for goulash, a soup or stew flavoured with paprika, as are many of its other national dishes.
Its terrain is ideal for wine-making, an activity that has grown rapidly over recent decades.