The island’s strategic position in the Mediterranean has made it a place regularly fought over for centuries.
Currently, the island is partitioned, with the northern third under Turkish jurisdiction following an invasion in 1974, separated from the Greek-Cypriot ruled south by a UN Buffer Zone.
Paphos and many other parts of Cyprus have some of the finest ancient monuments to be found in Europe.
Cyprus joined the EU in 2004, but the northern part of the island is viewed by the international community as being illegally occupied by Turkish forces.
The population is 850,000, excluding Northern Cyprus.
Halloumi cheese originated in Cyprus. The dessert wine commandaria is recognised as the world’s oldest named wine.